Most of the foot deformities are caused by the wrong choice of shoes, and 40 percent of women suffer high heel problem hallux valgus.
The hallux valgus, which presents with swelling and bulging of the big toe, makes women especially esthetically worried. This bulge and swelling affect the aesthetic appearance negatively, and if left untreated, it can cause serious pain and foot problems leading to surgery.
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Do not choose shoes with narrow toe and high heels
This disease is not encountered in cultures that do not wear shoes. It is seen in 40 percent of women; There is a genetic predisposition as high as 70 percent. It is frequently seen in women who wear high heels and pointed toe shoes for many years. Large shoes that provide plenty of space for the toes reduce the chance of developing this deformity; If the bunion is developed, it also helps to reduce the discomfort associated with it. Wearing as few high-heeled and narrow-toed shoes as possible will positively label your foot health.
Causes severe pain and cosmetic problems
Severe hallux valgus deformity also causes cosmetic problems. Especially female patients have difficulty in finding suitable shoes for their feet. As the deformity increases, the second finger rises upward, causing pressure and friction in the shoe, causing pain in patients.
First, redness and swelling develop in that area. As time passes, the tissue becomes thicker and a larger protrusion occurs, causing the shoe to rub. Many problems in the foot are caused by abnormal pressure and friction. As time goes by, there are complaints that the skin and soft tissue are caught between the hard bone inside and the hard shoes outside. Any protrusion in the bone makes the condition worse. The skin responds to constant pressure and friction by creating a ‘callus tissue.. The underlying soft tissue reacts by thickening. These structures cause pain in the patient. To reduce this pain you need to reduce the pressure. This is possible by reducing the pressure created by the shoe from the outside or by surgically eliminating the internal bone protrusion.
Treatment begins with the right shoes
The diagnosis is made after a careful, detailed history and clinical examination. Information about the patient’s shoe choices. Foot X-rays are taken. The angles between the bones are measured by your doctor to help determine the method of treatment with X-rays. Hallux valgus treatment; starts with the selection and wearing of the appropriate shoe. In the early stages of the disease, replacing the pointed-toe shoes with wide shoes may reduce the patient’s complaints. Wide shoes are helpful in reducing pain by reducing the pressure on the bunion. In addition, the bunion pad and inter-finger rollers can be used to reduce pressure and pain.
Surgical treatments can be applied
More than 100 methods have been described in hallux valgus surgery. The most important of these is bunionectomy. Bunionectomy alone is not sufficient to correct the deformity in hallux valgus surgery. In this case, the incision correction of the comb bone, ie metatarsal osteotomy, may be needed. A specialist must be seen.